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Idaho Rules of Family Law Procedure Rule 212. Signing of Pleadings, Motions, and Other Papers; Sanctions; Electronic Signatures.


A. Documents to be signed. Every pleading, motion, and other paper of a party represented by an attorney shall be signed by at least one (1) licensed attorney of record of the state of Idaho, in the attorney's individual name, whose address shall be stated before the same may be filed. A party who is not represented by an attorney shall sign the pleading, motion or other paper and state the party's address. Except when otherwise specifically provided by rule or statute, pleadings need not be verified or accompanied by affidavit. The signature of an attorney or party constitutes a certificate that the attorney or party has read the pleading, motion or other paper; that to the best of the signer's knowledge, information, and belief after reasonable inquiry it is well grounded in fact and is warranted by existing law or a good faith argument for the extension, modification, or reversal of existing law, and that it is not interposed for any improper purpose, such as to harass or to cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation.


B. Sanctions. If a pleading, motion or other paper is not signed, it shall be stricken unless it is signed promptly after the omission is called to the attention of the pleader or movant. If a pleading, motion or other paper is signed in violation of this rule, the court, upon motion or upon its own initiative, shall impose upon the person who signed it, a represented party, or both, an appropriate sanction, which may include an order to pay to the other party or parties the amount of the reasonable expenses incurred because of the filing of the pleading, motion, or other paper, including a reasonable attorney's fee. In such cases, the court may also refer to the administrative district judge the question of whether to declare a person to be a vexatious litigant pursuant to Idaho Court Administrative Rule 59 and enter a prefiling order prohibiting such person from filing any new litigation in the courts of this state prose without first obtaining leave of a judge of the court where the litigation is proposed to be filed.


C. Electronic Signatures.  An electronic signature may be used on any document that is required or permitted under these rules and that is transmitted electronically, which must include a written certification or declaration under penalty of perjury or an affidavit, and a notary's seal may be in electronic form.


(Adopted April 2, 2014, effective for early adopters July 1, 2014, effective statewide July 1, 2015; amended May 3, 2018, effective July 1, 2018; amended May 14, 2019, effective July 1, 2019.)

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Members of the
Idaho Supreme Court

Chief Justice G Richard Bevan
Justice Roger S. Burdick
Justice Robyn M. Brody
Justice John R. Stegner
Justice Gregory W. Moeller

Members of the
Idaho Court of Appeals

Chief Judge Molly J Huskey
Judge David W. Gratton
Judge Jessica M. Lorello
Judge Amanda K. Brailsford



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