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Idaho Rules of Evidence Rule 611. Mode and Order of Examining Witnesses and Presenting Evidence.

(a)  Control by the Court; Purposes.  The court should exercise reasonable control over the mode and order of examining witnesses and presenting evidence so as to:

(1)  make those procedures effective for determining the truth;

(2)  avoid wasting time; and

(3)  protect witnesses from harassment or undue embarrassment.


(b)  Scope of Cross-Examination.  Cross-examination should not go beyond the subject matter of the direct examination and matters affecting the witness’s credibility.  The court may allow inquiry into additional matters as if on direct examination.


(c)  Leading Questions.  Leading questions should not be used on direct examination except as necessary to develop the witness’s testimony.

Ordinarily, the court should allow leading questions:

(1)  on cross-examination; and

(2)  when a party calls a hostile witness, an adverse party, or a witness identified with an adverse party.


(Adopted March 26, 2018, effective July 1, 2018.)


As the Third Branch of Government, we provide access to justice through the timely, fair, and impartial resolution of cases.


Members of the
Idaho Supreme Court

Chief Justice G Richard Bevan
Justice Robyn M. Brody
Justice Gregory W. Moeller
Justice Colleen D. Zahn
Justice Cynthia K.C. Meyer

Members of the
Idaho Court of Appeals

Chief Judge David W. Gratton
Judge Molly J Huskey
Judge Jessica M. Lorello
Judge Michael P. Tribe



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