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Idaho Criminal Rule 3. Complaint; Initiation and Prosecution


The complaint is a written statement of the essential facts constituting the offense charged. It must be made on oath before a magistrate; except that, a prosecuting attorney may sign a complaint before a magistrate, without oath or affirmation, based on a sworn affidavit or declaration. Any affidavit or declaration supporting an unsworn complaint must be filed with the court. Except as otherwise provided by law or rule, all criminal proceedings must be initiated by complaint or indictment and prosecuted by complaint, indictment or information as provided by these rules.


(Adopted February 22, 2017, effective July 1, 2017.)


As the Third Branch of Government, we provide access to justice through the timely, fair, and impartial resolution of cases.


Members of the
Idaho Supreme Court

Chief Justice G Richard Bevan
Justice Robyn M. Brody
Justice Gregory W. Moeller
Justice Colleen D. Zahn
Justice Cynthia K.C. Meyer

Members of the
Idaho Court of Appeals

Chief Judge David W. Gratton
Judge Molly J Huskey
Judge Jessica M. Lorello
Judge Michael P. Tribe



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