The duties, rights and powers of the Guardian ad Litem are governed by the Idaho Child Protective Act, specifically 16-1633 and 16-1634. Idaho Juvenile Rule 35 also outlines the purpose, function and responsibilities of the volunteer.
Among other duties, I.C. 16-1633 explains the Guardian ad Litem is required to conduct an independent factual investigation of the circumstances of the child to file with the court a written report stating the results of the investigation and such other information as the court may require.
Juvenile Rule 35 sets out the topics a volunteer must cover prior to being sworn in by the judge. Topics include court processes, dynamics of families, relevant state and federal laws, confidentiality and child development, among others. Rule 35 also outlines the background process every volunteer must complete in order to ensure the safety and protection of the child assigned to the Guardian ad Litem program.